Juneteenth: A New Federal Holiday with a Intricate Legal History

U.S. Vice President Kamala Harris and Opal Lee, the activist Called the Grandma of Juneteenth, See since President Joe Biden Retains the Authorized Juneteenth National Independence Day Act, in the East Room of the White House, June 17, 2021, in Washington.

After years of piecemeal celebrations across the USA, Juneteenth has ascended the ranks of the official federal holiday. The Senate unanimously passed the Juneteenth National Independence Day Act on June 15, 2021. Over the votes of 14 Republicans, the Federal Act passed the House of Representatives the next day to establish June 19 because of federal holiday. President Joe Biden signed the bill into law Thursday, making Juneteenth the first new federal holiday since Martin Luther King, Jr.. Day was designated in 1983.
The text of the law is short; it just say declares Juneteenth an authorized public holiday without remark. The holiday intends to commemorate the start of liberty for formerly enslaved Black Americans. As among their law’s co-sponsors, Representative Sheila Jackson Lee (D-Texas) put it,”Juneteenth is significant to African Americans as July 4 would be to all Americans.”

My statement on the passage by the House of the Juneteenth National Independence Day Act, making Juneteenth a federal holiday. @HouseDemocrats @HouseDPCC #JuneTeenth2021 pic.twitter.com/A8iwvl9L5S

Though the holiday does provide homage to a profoundly happy day in American history, it functions concurrently as a significant reminder of the slow pace of justice for Black Americans. June 19 is the anniversary of the country being very, very late to follow through on its own promise — a habit that’s been replicated all too often.
Contrary to the story fed to many of us in school, tens of thousands of slaves did not immediately break free from bondage in the present time that the Emancipation Proclamation was passed down. Instead, it took a full two and a half years before the method of legal slavery was really dismantled (and this, naturally, does not account for decades during and following Reconstruction when de facto slavery still existed in the South under different legal monikers).
President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863. Here Is What it said:

At the time, Texas, having recently joined the Union in 1846 (according to a 1845 decision to do so), was a Lone Star state. Since the U.S. government lacked significant power over many Texan territories, slavery continued , unfettered by Lincoln’s words. Many slaveowners considered Texas a secure haven for their practices, and some even traveled into the state for the sole intention of continuing slave possession.
On June 19, 1865, two weeks following Lincoln’s assassination, Major General Gordon Granger arrived in Galveston to declare that the conclusion of both the Civil War and slavery. Granger’s presence, together with national troops, was that which was demanded — after Lincoln’s executive order — to really end human pride.
Granger’s statement in Texas, while definitely encouraged by people who abhorred slavery, contained no dramatic language of liberty and equality. Instead, it had been largely a warning to the recently freed people, which lacked a listing of rules to describe what was expected of these:
The people of Texas are advised that, according to a proclamation from the Executive of the USA, all slaves are free. This involves an absolute equality of rights and rights of land, between former masters and slaves as well as the connection heretofore existing between them, becomes that between employer and hired labour. The Freedmen are counseled to stay at their present homes and work for wages. They are advised that they will not be permitted to collect at military posts; and they will not be supported in idleness either there or elsewhere.
No men formerly slaves will be allowed to travel to the public thoroughfares without passes or licenses from their companies. … They will not be subsisted in idleness, or in any way except employees of the Government, or even in circumstances of extreme destitution or illness. … Idleness is sure to be productive of vice. … No individual, black or white… able to work out, will be subsisted by the Government in idleness, and thus hang a dead weight upon those who are prepared to bear their full share of those burdens.
It had been almost a century after that when the Supreme Court of the United States ruled against school segregation in Brown v. Board of Education. Much like the first Juneteenth,” Brown’s 1954 mandate still took several decades, yet another SCOTUS decision, and federal troops to really make school desegregation happen.
Just as the idea of liberty itself for Black Americans, the background of the Juneteenth holiday is similarly patchwork. Texas was the first nation to celebrate the holiday, and it began doing this through Reconstruction with community festivals and events. In 1979, freshman Texas state representative Al Edwards suggested a bill to create Juneteenth an official state holiday; it passed, and Juneteenth was officially recognized as a holiday on January 1, 1980 (despite preceding President Donald Trump’s declaration that”nobody had heard of it” before he”left Juneteenth very renowned” by scheduling a campaign event in Tulsa on this date).
Over the next four years, the remaining states gradually followed. North and South Dakota have been the last two hold-outs. South Dakota Gov. Kristi Noem announced Juneteenth are a state holiday on Friday, June 18, 2021.
South Dakota, however, ironically the home of Mount Rushmore, has still refused to follow suit. Though a bill was introduced to the subject, it didn’t make it out of committee. 
“I really don’t think there’s another nation which has a 60-foot carving of Abraham Lincoln’s face, the wonderful emancipator himself carved into the side of a mountain,” he explained. “You would think that having a sculpture of Abraham Lincoln we are a state that would embrace the work and embrace the why Abraham Lincoln is on Mt. Rushmore.”
Fourteen Congressional Republicans also opposed earning Juneteenth a federal holiday. The New York Times reported diverse justification for these Congressmen’s votes against Juneteenth, which range from combatting alleged efforts by Democrats to”balkanize our country and gas separatism” to only objecting to the name of the action .
However, there has been overwhelming public support for its popularity of Juneteenth as a federal holiday. Festivals are planned throughout the country, and occasions such as public readings of the Emancipation Proclamation are scheduled.
While the world wide web hasn’t yet settled on one official salutation to get Juneteenth, the holiday promises to become an important reminder as well as a joyous celebration for generations ahead.

Its Juneteenth Day 2020 today and Do You Say’Happy Juneteenth Day’? Or something else. Check the Perfect way to state it.https://t.co/FDH3exQmfy#JUNETEENTH2020 #HappyJuneteenth #HappyJuneteenth2020 #Pride #PrideMonth2020 #LGBT#USA
— The Courier Daily (@thecourierdaily) June 19, 2020

Wishing you all a very jubilant and liberating Juneteenth! #JuneteenthFederalHoliday https://t.co/SfWtKut7Zl
— TopNonprofits (@TopNonprofits) June 17, 2021

Happy #Juneteenth weekend. On Memorial Day, there is a national moment of silence in remembrance. Taking a moment of silence Friday is 1 way to observe Juneteenth before the celebration. Mixture Somber (captivity ) Jubilant (liberty ) https://t.co/ENNzxm3ihx
— Zenell Brown (@ZenellBrown) June 17, 2021
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